Europe 2017 Infrastructure
11 giant infrastructure projects that could reshape Europe
Business Insider
Chris Weller
Around Europe, massive projects to build tunnels, railways, and alternative energy sources are changing how the continent looks and operates.

It might not get the attention Dubai and China get for their massive skyscrapers and cities, but there's still plenty of infrastructure coming Europe's way.

They include enormous railway projects that bore miles-long tunnels underground and floating solar farms that are nearly impossible to spot with the naked eye.
Super-Fast Vacuum Transport Tube ...
British city center
Birmingham's Big City Plan will use approximately $12.2 billion over the next decade to transform the British city center.

It'll be 25% bigger, have thousands more homes and tens of thousands of new jobs — all in an effort to make the city greener, wealthier and attractive to residents.
Tesla gigafactory
A company called Northvolt plans to build a second Tesla gigafactory in Sweden, which would produce battery packs for the company's electric cars. The $4.2 billion factory will produce hundreds of thousands of lithium ion batteries.

Ban lithium ion battery Cars
TOXIC Exploding Lithium ion Batteries
Turkey Urban Renewal
The 20-year Turkey Urban Renewal Project, a far-reaching plan to demolish some 7 million buildings and rebuild earthquake-resistant structures in their place, began in 2012 with an estimated cost of $400 billion.

Marmaray Project
The Marmaray Project in Istanbul
Turkey, is a massive underground railway project that has been underway for more than 12 years.

When finished, it will link both sides of the Bosphorus Strait, which forms a continental boundary between Europe and Asia.
Gotthard Base Tunnel
After 17 years of construction, the Gotthard Base Tunnel opened in Switzerland on June 1, 2016. At 35 miles long, it's both the longest and deepest train tunnel in the world, offering unprecedented efficiency when traveling through the Alps.
Norway floating tunnel
Norway floating tunnel
Norway has committed $25 billion to the construction of a fully submerged, floating tunnel beneath the Sognefjord, a body of water more than 4,000 feet deep and 3,000 feet wide. It would link two disparate regions and be the first of its kind in the world.
Moscow City Center
Russia's Moscow International Business Center, or "Moscow City," has been in development for more than 25 years and has seen $12 billion in investments.
It contains many of the tallest buildings in Europe and is still only halfway finished.
London's Crossrail project
A massive upgrade to the existing Underground system — is the largest construction project ever undertaken in Europe.
It involves 10 new train lines and connects 30 existing stations via 73 miles of track and 26 miles of tunnels.
Limited service will begin in 2017, while full service will arrive in 2020.

London floating solar farm
In March 2016, the world's largest floating solar farm powered up on a lake just outside London.

It contains 23,000 panels, which will power a water treatment plant that provides clean drinking water to 10 million people across England.

London wind farm
The London Array is the largest offshore wind farm in the world by energy output.
Its 175 turbines are capable of producing 630 megawatts of power, which could power more than 300,000 homes.
It is currently mid-construction, with an estimated $2.3 billion already invested.
Stockholm Bypass Project
The Stockholm Bypass Project
Set to be completed in 2025, could reduce traffic in the city by expanding a patch of the European Highway prone to heavy traffic.

An additional 13 miles of underground roadway will cost about $3.5 billion; it'll be the largest tunnel near a city when finished.

America's WATER 2017
Water increasingly unaffordable for many Americans
Water may soon become a luxury item for millions of American families.

Although it’s a resource that most consumers take for granted, water is already unaffordable for one of 10 U.S. households, a share that’s forecast to triple to more than 30 percent of within five years, according to recent research from Michigan State University. Meanwhile, water and sewer prices more than doubled between 2000 to 2016, outpacing price increases for other basics such as electricity and gasoline, according to the Brookings Institution.

Since there are no federal regulations either guaranteeing a citizen’s right to water or water affordability, some people may be faced with tough choices about how to pay their utilities as prices continue to climb.

“For lower-income households, it could mean having your water turned off,” said Elizabeth Mack, a researcher at Michigan State University and co-author of the water affordability study. “When we reach one-third of households, you are getting people who make below the median but above poverty, or the working class.”

While various measures exist for water affordability, Mack relied on a threshold set by the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency under which people shouldn’t pay more than 4.5 percent of household income on water and wastewater bills. Above that threshold, the theory goes, consumers are forced to make tough choices about what other expenses to pare.

“We shouldn’t be surprised that people in poverty can’t afford anything, and that’s a conversation that goes beyond water. But now you have people already in the national conversation squeezed on health care and job issues,” Mack said. “These people are getting squeezed from a variety of cost perspectives.”

What’s causing the run up in water prices? Blame aging infrastructure that’s expensive to repair, as well as climate change. Water systems are struggling to handle stronger and more frequent storms, which add to the cost of water treatment. In other cases, drought has decreased the amount of water available to some municipalities.

Metropolitan areas across the U.S. are already feeling the impact. Residents in Cannon Beach, Oregon, were warned this month that their water bills could jump 40 percent in 2017 as the city invests in repairs and maintenance to its water systems. Sacramento residents are bracing for bills that could jump 41 percent over five years. And cities including Austin, Texas, and Tucson, Arizona, have seen their water rates jump by 50 percent in the past five years, Mack found.

The nation’s highest water costs are in Atlanta and Seattle, where residents pay an average monthly bill of about $325 and $310, respectively, Mack found. The average U.S. annual water bill is $1,686, or about $140 per month.

As water prices increase, the hardest-hit states are likely to be those with high concentrations of lower-income residents, Mack found. Almost 37 percent of people in Mississippi are in danger of not being able to afford water, based on income data from Census population tracts. Louisiana and Alabama are the second and third most at-risk states.

Mack said her research isn’t political, and that water price hikes aren’t due to the current White House administration. Instead, it’s the result of strain on a complicated, piecemeal and outdated network of water utilities. Because of the cost of upgrades, some cities may look to privatize their water systems. But Mack cautioned that this approach often fails to deliver cheaper, and better, water.

How Americans manage their household budgets to cope with rising water prices is an issue that Mack said she’s studying now. She said that working-class Americans may end up cutting back on eating out or going to the movies to afford water.

She added, “You think access to water is a problem only in developing countries, but it’s becoming an issue in some parts of the U.S.”

The Old North Trail ~ The Bering Strait Crossing ~ Pan American Highway
The Blackfoot Trail     The Cosmopolitan Railway
Russian Super Highway
Could Connect London to New York!
Google Hands-Free Hydrogen-Electric CARS!
Published on Mar 27, 2015
Russia has unveiled ambitious plans to build a superhighway that ...
in theory, could make it possible to drive from London on one end to New York on the other.
China Train to America
China's Underwater High-Speed Train to America
China Uncensored
Who wants to take an underwater train ride to China?!

China is planning to build a high-speed rail connecting China and the continental United States that will tunnel under the 125 mile stretch of ocean beneath the Bering Strait.

And that's just one of three other wacky ambitious plans they have that completely disregard the reality of the natural environment!
Can China Connect the World by High-Speed Rail?
Gerald Chan  TEDxKFAS
Published on Sep 15, 2015
China international relations expert Dr. Gerald Chan describes in detail how China will be able to connect the world one day by high-speed rail.

With over 16,000 kilometers of railroads, China now has the largest high-speed rail network in the world, and it has started to export its railroads and technologies to other countries through domestic funding.

China’s global high-speed rail development is part of its infrastructure diplomacy, which in turn is the core of its initiative to develop the New Silk Road on land and at sea.

With the potential impact of connecting the world via high-speed world being huge in terms of political economy, geopolitics, power shifts, and social relations, Dr. Gerald Chan invites us to imagine a more interconnected future.

This talk was given at a TEDx event using the TED conference format but independently organized by a local community.
Learn more at

Dr. Gerald Chan is Professor and Head of Politics and International Relations at the University of Auckland, New Zealand.

Professor Chan is a Life Member of Clare Hall, Cambridge. Before he joined the University of Auckland in 2009, he was Professor of East Asian Politics at Durham University, UK, and Director of its China centre.

 He has been publishing widely in the area of Chinese international relations. His latest book is entitled China Engages Global Governance: A New World Order in the Making?

 (co-authored with Pak K. Lee and Lai-Ha Chan, Routledge, 2012).

He is curious about how Western classical music can merge with taiqi, Asian experiences can enhance our understanding of international relations, and biological science can inform social science.
Maglev Trains
The fastest trains in the future - The Magnetic Train (Maglev Train)
Documentary 2016
World News
"capable" of 3,500 km/h
Evans Electric
MAGLEV train "capable" of 3,500 km/h (theoretically if inside a vacuum tunnel)
High Speed magnetic levitation train.
Impossible Bridges
Denmark to Sweden
amazing train concept of future
Ajmal Aju
_________________________ The Hidden Agenda ______________________
" A Growing Partnership with our Environment "
Related Information
The World's 5 Fastest Trains You Can Ride Right Now
The applications for rail stimulus are in and now the states that applied are waiting on the Federal Railroad Administration's picks for approved projects.
We look at the world's five fastest trains—inspirations for the future of high speed in the U.S.

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Hyperloop= 800 miles an hour
Elon Musk Unveils Plans for Hyperloop High-Speed Train
By NICK BILTON - 2013 - 08 - 11
The hypothetical project is called the Hyperloop, a high-speed train that would be able to take people to San Francisco from Los Angeles in 30 minutes.

Paris to Mexico Smart Grid

Sustainable Development is paramount to the future of mankind
We believe the TransCityRail to be a perfect solution to this problem
1/6 th the Construction Cost
1/6 th the Operating Costs
1/6 th the Foot Print
No Propritory Power Supply
Solar supported and or Multi-Fuel Electric and UpDate able!

American TransCityRail . . .  Metrail by: Frazer-Nash

line breakline break

west coast rail    east coast rail

Metrail is a design from the engineering solutions company,  of the United Kingdom.

Since World War II, Frazer-Nash has been on the cutting edge of high technology in a number of disciplines.

The Metrail Monorail is an outgrowth of their wealth of knowledge and experience in electric vehicle development.

Frazer-Nash has found a way for smaller cities to build monorails without investing an extraordinary amount of money: the Hybrid-powered monorail.
Uniting America's East and West Coast Sea Ports
With a New Power Grid and Highspeed Rail

A Foundation for All Nations to Compete in the Global Economy

_________________________ The Hidden Agenda ______________________
" A Growing Partnership with our Environment "

snow train

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High Speed Rail 1
Nuovo Trasporto Viaggiatori train-set
Luca Cordero di Montezemolo

Editors Note

NTV, or Nuovo Trasporto Viaggiatori, starts service between Rome and eight other Italian cities on April 28 and will eventually have 25 trains -
a new type of locomotive-free rolling stock that has an engine under each car to increase capacity.

Ferrari chairman

Ferrari chairman breaks Italy state monopoly on high-speed trains

Related links

Japanese MAGLEV

MAGLEV’2000 conference

Swissmetro research Homepages
Ecole polytechnique fédérale Lausanne

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